The deportations started by forcefully relocating many Faylee Kurds to Iran. Many people’s homes and belongings were taken over by regime officials after their disappearance. This process lasted until May 1990. Furthermore, around 10,000 Faylee Kurds fell victim to biological and chemical weapons attacks ordered by Saddam Hussein. The Faylee Kurds were effectively rendered into non-citizens. Adult males aged 18-55 were detained and sent to various prison complexes in the country, with no trial before incarceration. Young people between the ages of 17 and 32 were reportedly thrown into mass graves alive. It is estimated that between 13,000 and 30,000 Faylee Kurds died in captivity or were systematically murdered.
On 29th November 2010, the Iraqi Court of Justice recognised this campaign as genocide and sentenced three individuals to death for authorizing a number of the killings between the 1980s and 1990s. These were Sahdun Shakir, Mirzban Khizr and Aziz Salih. Two others accused of involvement in the killings received prison sentences of 15 years each. Furthermore, the Iraqi high criminal court found Saddam Hussein’s foreign minister Tariq Aziz guilty of committing crimes against Faylee Kurds during the Iran-Iraq war, sentencing him to 10 years in prison. He was convicted for displacing and killing Faylee Kurds.